Almost two weeks after the strong disturbances at the La Corregidora stadium in Querétaro, where fans of the local team clashed with those of Atlas, with a balance of 26 people injured, the Mexican soccer authorities announced a series of measures with which , they assure, the brave bars in Mexico are over.
Mikel Arriola, president of the Liga MX, assured that the measures he announced are “the beginning of the end of the brave bars” and assured that similar actions led to the end of this problem in English football.
The main determinations announced by Arriola is the prohibition of the entry of the visiting team’s supporters in all Liga MX matches and the registration of all fans who want to enter the stadiums through FanID.
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In Colombia there is already a history of similar measures
What lessons do these measures leave to try to combat the problem of the brave bars in Colombian soccer? In reality, the two actions have already been launched in the country, with debatable results.
For several years, most clubs in the country have banned visiting fans for high-risk matches. Although the problem inside the stadiums has diminished (although almost all the recent acts of violence in the stands have been fights between fans of the same team), the problems have moved to the streets.
The ban on visiting fans is also in force in countries like Argentina and Brazil, but the problem has not been completely solved. According to academic studies cited by the AFP agency, the numbers of deaths from bar fights have not decreased: 157 in Brazil between 2009 and 2019, 136 in Argentina in the last 20 years and at least 170 in Colombia between 2001 and 2019.
“The great failure of these policies is that they focus exclusively on security,” Sociologist Germán Gómez, a researcher at the Colombian Association of Sports Studies, told AFP.
The ban has also generated a dangerous phenomenon inside the stadiums: members of the supporters “patrol” the stands and the surroundings of the stages in search of supposed visiting infiltrators, even reaching the excess of asking for the identity card or making them remove the clothes in search of tattoos alluding to the teams or garments with the colors of the rival.
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The problem has also led to long-running fights over the ‘rags’ or banners. The brave bar of Deportivo Cali showed photos on social networks of flags stolen from that of Independiente Medellín.
The photos were taken in the south stand of the Palmaseca stadium, the only private stage in the country, with the permission of the club’s directors. The photos were accompanied by a statement threatening the DIM, who had previously entered a house in Palmira to steal their rags.
Subsequently, Cali issued a statement rejecting the facts and explained that they had given permission for the bars to dry their banners, because it had rained in the previous game…
The failure of Dimayor’s enrollment
The second measure announced by Liga MX to eradicate the bars is the FanID, a document that all stadium attendees must carry to be allowed access. To obtain it, they will have to fill out documentation in which they will provide data that allows their complete identification.
The measure was applied in the 2018 World Cup in Russia, in which all visitors to that country had to process the document. This process also began in Colombian soccer.
During the administration of Jorge Fernando Perdomo at the head of Dimayor, in 2017, the enrollment was announced, which worked in the same way as the FanID, that is, the interested party filled out a form, provided personal data and was given a card.
Perdomo announced at the time that nearly 140,000 fans completed the enrollment process. However, not all the documents were delivered and the idea was a resounding failure.
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Last year, as a result of a confrontation between fans of Santa Fe and Nacional in El Campín, the idea of carding the fans was once again put on the table. Immediately, the failure of the enrollment was recalled on social networks and in passing he wondered what happened to the money raised in that process, since each fan had to pay 11,900 pesos. There was no answer.